Where They At
New Orleans Hip-Hop and Bounce in Words and Pictures

“Where They At,” or “Wha Dey At,” is the title of a song generally recognized as the first bounce release, recorded in late 1991 as a cassette-only release by rapper T.T. Tucker, with the late DJ Irv. It was also recorded a few months after by DJ Jimi Payton for producer Isaac Bolden’s Soulin’ Records/Avenue Distribution. To all accounts, these recordings marked the point in time at which New Orleans rap first found its own voice in that raw, celebratory, infectious block-party style. 

Bounce’s signature rhythms and call-and-response chants are deeply rooted in New Orleans’ cultural heritage, including Mardi Gras Indian and second-line traditions. The exhibit “Where They At” documents pioneering New Orleans rappers from the 1980’s, 1990’s, and early 2000’s, the period when bounce music melded and interplayed with lyrical hip-hop and gangsta rap in New Orleans to create a unique, hybrid Crescent City hip-hop sound – the newest branch of Southern roots music.

Photographer Aubrey Edwards and journalist Alison Fensterstock, over the course of 18 months, photographed and interviewed more than 40 rappers, DJs, producers, label and record store owners from the New Orleans bounce and hip-hop music scene. This archive includes original portraits and interview excerpts, original video and audio, and collected artifacts including vintage records, tapes, scene snapshots and other ephemera.

Alison Fensterstock
Researcher/Writer

Alison Fensterstock is a New Orleans-based music journalist. From 2006-2009, she wrote an award-winning music column for the city's alt-weekly, The Gambit. Her writing on roots music and New Orleans rap has appeared in MOJO, Vibe, Q, Paste, Spin and the Oxford American Music Issue. Recently, she wrote the text for "Unsung Heroes: The Secret History of Louisiana Rock n' Roll," an exhibit currently on display at the Louisiana State Museum. She is the programming director for the Ponderosa Stomp Foundation. Her Gambit cover story on gay and transgendered bounce artists in New Orleans, "Sissy Strut," was selected for an honorable mention in Da Capo Press's Best American Music Writing 2009.

nola.com
bestofneworleans.com

Aubrey Edwards
Photographer

Aubrey Edwards is a Brooklyn and New Orleans-based music photographer and educator. Edwards was an award-winning, primary music photographer for the alt-weekly Austin Chronicle from 2004-2008; her present client list includes the United Nations, Magnolia Pictures, Playboy, SPIN, XXL and Comedy Central. She teaches photography and videography in low-income NYC public schools, and runs a continued education photography school in downtown Brooklyn. Her recent work in New Orleans includes guest lecturing with the University of New Orleans photo department, conducting workshops with the New Orleans Kid Camera Project, and completing an artist residency with Louisiana Artworks.

aubreyedwards.com

Acknowledgements
This Project made possible with support by:

Abita Beer, Abrons Art Center, Adrian Saldana, Alex Rawls & OffBeat magazine, Austin Powell, Chris Robinson, Colin Meneghini, Dr. Ira Padnos & The Ponderosa Stomp, Emil Nassar, Eric Brightwell, Heather West, Iris Brooks, Jacob Devries, Jayme McLellan & Civilian Art Projects, Jeremy Smith, John and Glenda "Goldie Roberts", John Swenson, Johnathan Durham, Jordan Hirsch & Aimee Bussells, Loren K. Phillips Fouroux, Matt Miller, Matt Sakakeeny PhD, Matt Sonzala, Michael Bateman, Neighborhood Story Project, Our Kickstarter Supporters, Patrick Strange, Polo Silk, Rachel Ornelas & the Jazz and Heritage Festival, Scott Aiges, Sean Yent Schuster-Craig, Stephen Thomas, The Birdhouse Gallery, The Soap Factory, Wild Wayne & Industry Influence


Very Special Thanks:

D. Lefty Parker | Audio Mastering
Erik Kiesewetter/EBSL | Art Direction & Design
Rami Sharkey | Web Development
Jac Currie & Defend New Orleans | Funder
The Greater New Orleans Foundation | Funder
Ogden Museum of Southern Art | Partner

All the project participants who shared their time, their words, and their support.

Joe Blakk
Blood Sweat & Tears

“It ain’t no shame in being proud of where you come from / but life’s too motherfucking short to go out like a dum-dum.”

When Warren Mayes did his thing, it let us know New Orleans had our own way of doing things. We just didn't have a name for it till TT Tucker came on the scene. When TT Tucker came on the scene, that gave us our identity and everything we needed to move forward. Once Tucker did his thing with bounce, which was original, it started a movement. It gave us our theme. It gave us our swag. It gave us our own identity. No longer were we aspiring to be like the Run DMC's or the Fat Boys, we had our own thing. We’re not trying to fit under your umbrella if you don't want us under your umbrella. We’re going to do our own thing, which is the New Orleans culture anyway. We do our own thing down here. Regardless of whether it’s R&B, even our form of R&B, like the Meters, was always different from everybody else.

You got go back to where everything really, really come from as far as New Orleans having their own swag and all that and identity. In Club Discovery, you had a DJ by the name of Captain Charles. Captain Charles did a lot of chanting and people sang along. People would be doing dances like the Discovery Shuffle, where you shuffle your feet. When he played Slick Rick’s "Children's Stories," everybody knew you going to do the shuffle when that song come on. When Too Short, "I Ain't Trippin’" came on, you was going to shuffle. If you’re from New Orleans, you already know what to do on these songs. That’s why I say we started getting our own identity. When Captain Charles puts on that "I Ain't Trippin" and even today, if somebody from that era hears Slick Rick "Children's Stories," they going to start doing the Discovery Shuffle.

For more information, please visit their page.

Profile:
Rappers

Label:
Mercenary, Blakk Magic

Neighborhood:
West Bank, Christopher Homes

Years Active:
1993 - present

Collaborated with
Ice Mike (producer), Mia X